In the 2 Cor. 5:6-8, it says, “Therefore we are always confident, knowing that, whilst we are at home in the body, we are absent from the Lord: (For we walk by faith, not by sight We are confident, I say, and willing rather to be absent from the body, and to be present with the Lord.”
There is no doubt that “being absent in the body” refers to our death. At which time, the “breath of life”(spirit of man”) leaves the body and goes back to the Creator (Eccl. 12:7; 3:20-21); this is “being present with The Lord”. The body is then buried (goes to hades/hell) where it decays and rots, as in,””For David, after he had served his own generation by the will of God, fell asleep, was buried with his fathers, and saw corruption;” (ACTS 13:36,NKJV). Also, read:
ECCLESIASTES 9:5 For the living know that they will die, but the dead know nothing; they have no further reward, and even the memory of them is forgotten. (NIV)
ECCLESIASTES 9:10 …., for in the grave, where you are going, there is neither working nor planning nor knowledge nor wisdom. (NIV)
PSALM 146:4 His spirit departs, he returns to the earth; in that very day his thoughts perish. (NASU)y and
PSALM 115:17 The dead do not praise the LORD, nor do any who go down into silence; (NASU)
Notice that the “spirit of man/ breath of life” that goes back to the Creator is not a conscious component of man. It carries all the memory, education, character, distinctiveness, uniqueness of that particular person. But apart from the body, it is not alive and not functional.
As an analogy to a computer, the body is like the hardware with all components but not a “living person” until the “breath of life” was “breathe into his nostrils”. Body/dust of the ground/flesh + breath of life/spirit of man= living soul/person ( Gen.2:7). When these 2 components of man separate, life ends and the body is not functional, dead. Much like a computer, the memory and identity of that particular person can be stored in a “thumb drive” which we can put in our pocket. But, when inserted into another computer, it can manifest itself will all that it has stored in memory. Similarly, when our “breath of life/spirit of man that goes at death to the Creator, is given another body, albeit spiritual , both these components make up the person to become alive again.
But, to extend the original question, “do all breath of life (of the righteous and the wicked) follow the same route to go to the Creator”?.
Notice,”For all this I considered in my heart even to declare all this, that the righteous, and the wise, and their works, are in the hand of God: no man knoweth either love or hatred by all that is before them. All things come alike to all: there is one event to the righteous, and to the wicked; to the good and to the clean, and to the unclean; to him that sacrificeth, and to him that sacrificeth not: as is the good, so is the sinner; and he that sweareth, as he that feareth an oath. This is an evil among all things that are done under the sun, that there is one event unto all: yea, also the heart of the sons of men is full of evil, and madness is in their heart while they live, and after that they go to the dead”. (Eccl. 9:1-3). Again, “there is one event unto all, righteous or wicked”suggesting that all go to the same process at death, that the “breath of life” goes back to the Creator.Yes, it appears from Ecclesiastes that the “breath of life”, whether from good or evil person, goes back to the Creator at death.
But, the “breath of life” of the “firstfruits” at Jesus’ return will be given an “immortal body” and will live with him forever (Rev.20:4; I Cor.15:52). On the other hand, the “breath of life” of others who died and not part of the “firstfruits”, will be resurrected after the Millenium, as in, “The rest of the dead did not come to life until the thousand years were completed. This is the first resurrection.(Rev.20:5).
The “second resurrection” will be a fulfillment of the prophecy regarding the “dry bones”, as in: “This is what the Sovereign Lord says to these bones: I will make breath enter you, and you will come to life. I will attach tendons to you and make flesh come upon you and cover you with skin; I will put breath in you, and you will come to life. Then you will know that I am the Lord.’’ (Ezek. 37:5-6 and read also 1-17).
Surprisingly, even Job will have a flesh-body as other Israelites (and Gentiles), as in “As for me, I know that my Redeemer lives, And at the last He will take His stand on the earth. Even after my skin is destroyed, Yet from my flesh I shall see God; Whom I myself shall behold, And whom my eyes will see and not another. My heart faints within me!(Job 19:25-27).
Of these people, some will go towards resurrection to life and others to judgment (John 5:29) of eternal death, after they were given their only and last chance to choose.